Shri Mat Bhagwat Geeta Adhyay 14
Shri Mat Bhagwat Geeta Adhyay 14 is in Sanskrit. It describes the three Gunas, Namely Sattva, Rajas and Tamas and their influence on the human life. How to overcome these Gunas and reach to ultimate goal of to be one with the God is told to Arjuna by God ShriKrishna.
Meaning in English
1) I shall tell you again the supreme knowledge-- the best of all knowledges, knowing which all the sages have attained supreme felicity from hence.
2) By resorting to this knowledge they, having attained to My nature, are not reborn even at the time of creation nor they distressed at the time of dissolution.
3) The great Nature is my womb; in that I place the germ, and from that, O descendant of Bharat, is the origin of all beings.
4) Whatever forms, O son of Kunti, are born in different wombs, of them the great Nature is the womb, and I am seed-giving father.
5) Sattva, Rajas and Tamas-these Gunas, O mighty-armed one, that are born of Nature ( Prakritj ), bind fast the immutable, embodied being in this body.
6) Of these, Sattva on account of its stainlessness is luminous and free from evil; it binds ( the embodied self ) by attachment to happiness and by attachment to knowledge, O sinless one ( Arjuna ).
7) Know Rajas to be of the nature of passion, the source of desire and attachment; O son of Kunti, it binds fast the embodied self by attachment to action.
8) But know Tamas to be born of ignorance and deluding all embodied beings; it binds fast, O descendant of Bharata, through inadvertence, laziness and sleep.
9) Sattva binds ( 0ne ) to happiness, Rajas, O descendant of Bharata, ( binds one ) to work, while Tamas by covering knowledge binds ( one ) to inadvertence, etc.
10) Sattva manifests, Odescendant of Bharata, overpowering Rajas and Tamas; Rajas ( manifests ) overpowering Sattva and Tamas (manifests) and likewise Tamas (manifests) overpowering Sattva and Rajas.
11) When through all the sense-openings in this body the light of knowledge radiates, then indeed one should know that Sattva predominates.
12) Greed, Activity, undertaking of works, restlessness, desire--these prevail, O best of the Bharatas, when Rajas predominates.
13) Darkness, inactivity, inadvertence, as also delusion--these prevail, Odescendant of Kuru (Arjuna), when Tamas predominates.
14) If the embodied self meets with death when Sattva is predominant, then it attains the pure spheres of the worshippers of the highest deities.
15) If it meets with death when Rajas is predominant, then it is born amongst those who are attached to work; likewise if it meets death when Tamas is predominant, then it is born in the wombs of irrational species.
16) The result of virtuous action is said to be Sattvika and pure, the result of Rajas is pain, while ignorance is the result of Tamas.
17) From Sattva resulte knowledge, from Rajas only greed, and from Tamas nothing but inadvetence, delusion and ignorance.
18) Those who abide in Sattva go upwards (to higher spheres),the Rajasika dwell in the middle (spheres), and the Tamasika, dwelling in the functions of the lowest Guna, go downwards (to lower spheres).
19) When the seer beholds no (active) agent other thn Gunas, and knows that which is beyond the Gunas, he attains My being.
20) Having transcended these three Gunas, which are the cause of this body, the embodied self, bereft of birth, death, old age and misery, attains immortality.
21) By what characteristics, O Lord, is one who has transcended these three Gunas known? What is his conduct, and how does he transcended these three Gunas?
22) He who does not hate when the light (of knowledge), activity and delusion arise, O son of Pandu, nor desires them when they cease;
23) He who rests like one indifferent and is not disturbed by the Gunas, who, realizing that the Gunas alone function, is steady and does not waver;
24) Alike in pleasure and pain, Self-abiding, regarding a clod of earth, a stone and gold as of equal worth, the same towards agreeable and disagreeable objects, calm, and the same to praise and blame bestowed on him;
25) The same in honour and dishonour, the same towards friend and foe, habituated to renounce all actions--such a person is said to have transcended the Gunas.
26) He who serves Me alone through the unswerving Yoga of devotion, transcends these Gunas and becomes fit for the state of Brahma.
27) For I am the embodiment of Brahman, of immortality, of the eternal religion and of absolute bliss.